AIDS Prevention

In the U.S. today, more than 1.1 million people have HIV, and more than 200,000 don’t know that they have it. The purpose of MadCAP’s prevention program is to educate and empower community members in order to reduce the transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through presentations, outreach, risk reduction, and walk-in testing services. MadCAP offers free HIV screenings and Hepatitis C screenings to community members that do not have insurance or access to other services. After clients test negative, they are educated on how to keep themselves safe from HIV or STIs. If the client’s test is positive, they are counseled and directly linked into case management services and referred to a physician for immediate treatment.

HIV/AIDS Education

HIV stands for:

  • Human - meaning that it can only be transmitted from person to person
  • Immunodeficiency - the virus weakens the immune system
  • Virus - a group of cells that causes an infection that is not curable

HIV is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system cells, which are the body’s defense system from getting sick. When a person’s immune system becomes very weak, they can no longer fight off infections.

How HIV is transmitted:

  • Unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral intercourse
  • Sharing needles, syringes, works, cookers, water, or cotton balls to inject drugs or steroids
  • During pregnancy it could be passed to the unborn child, during childbirth, or through breastfeeding

AIDS prevention includes regular testing and education.Four fluids transmit HIV:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Vaginal fluid
  • Breast milk

AIDS stands for:

  • Acquired - something contracted from outside of the body
  • Immune Deficiency - weakening of the immune system
  • Syndrome - a group of symptoms that occur together

AIDS is a diagnosis made by a medical provider when a person’s T-Cells or CD4 fall below the count of 200 and they have two or more opportunistic infections present.

HIV Prevention Techniques

  • Latex condoms are the best protection against sexually transmitted infections (STI) and pregnancy besides abstinence when used correctly and consistently
  • Use water based lubrication with latex condoms; oil based lubrication will break down the condom resulting in holes in turn resulting in pregnancy or STI(s)
  • Condoms are only effective when used correctly and 100% of the time